Friday 1 October 2021

The Punjab: A Glimpse


 CH-7 The Punjab: A Glimpse


ACTIVITY-1: Meanings of the words as used in the lesson (noun,adjective,verb)etc.















ACTVITY-2 :Match the words with their antonyms- Answers












ACTVITY-3: Fill in the blanks choosing the correct word from the brackets.



2.little children-small







ACTVITY-4: Answer each question briefly.


a. What is special about Bhangra?

Ans-Bhangra dance is full of energy. It shows the great zest for life of the Punjabis.


b. Why do you think that the Punjabis are the self-respecting people?

Ans-I think so because I have never seen them begging. They believe in hardwork.


c. What was Punjab’s role in the struggle for India’s Independence?

Ans-During the freedom struggle of the country, Punjab gave the country great heroes.


d. What did General O’Dwyer do at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar?

Ans-He ordered the soldiers to start firing without giving any warning to the people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh.


e. Which states have benefitted from the Bhakra Nangal project?

Ans-The states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujarat have benefitted from Bhakra Nanagal projects.


f. What is the religious importance of Anandpur Sahib?

Ans-Anandpur is another place of Sikh pilgrimage. Lakhs of the Sikhs gather here annually to celebrate the founding of the Khalsa.


g. Where is Chandigarh situated? What is it known for?

Ans-Chandigarh is situated at the foot of the Shivalik hills. The Rose Garden of Chandigarh is world famous.


h. What are Jalandhar and Ludhiana famous for?

Ans-Jalandhar is famous for the manufacturing of sports goods in the country whereas Ludhiana is known for the woollen hosiery goods.


i. Who compiled Sri Guru Granth Sahib?

Ans- Guru Arjun Dev Ji, the fifth guru of the Sikhs compiled the holy Sri Guru Granth Sahib.


j. What do you know about the holiest shrine of the Sikhs?

Ans-The Golden Temple is the holiest shrine of the Sikhs. It is built in the middle of a square tank. The temple is double-storeyed having a golden dome.


ACTIVITY-5:Write true or false for the following statements in the given space.


a. General ‘O’ Dwyer lived in Jallianwala Bagh. - False

b. Le Corbrusier was a great Indian architect.- False

c. Bhagat Singh was hanged on 13 April 1919 - False

d. The Golden temple has a tank all around it - True

e. India became an independent country in 1947 - True

f. The Punjabis have faced many foreign invasions. - True

g. Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khlasa in 1669. - False

h. Lala Lajpat Rai is known as Shaheed-e-Azam of India.-  False

i. The Bhakra Dam is 518 feet high and 740 feet wide.-  False

j. Fifteen percent of India’s hosiery industry in Ludhiana.-  False

k. Dr.Rajendra Prasad was the President of India in 1953.-  True

l. Chandigarh is situated on the left bank of Sutlej River. - False


ACTIVITY-6: Tick (/) the correct option to complete each sentence


1. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place in 1919.

2. The reorganisation of Punjab took place in 1966.

3. Kullu and Manali are parts of Himachal Pradesh.

4. Sri Guru Arjun Dev was the fifth Guru of the Sikhs.


ACTIVITY-7: Select the correct verb from the brackets to fill in the blanks.


1. The tallest of these boys lives next door to me.

2. All the players in my team have done well.

3. The toys that were brought by Anil are really useful.

4. He walks regularly.

5. Slow and steady wins the race.

6. Time and tide wait for none.

7. Oil and water do not mix.

8. Tobacco and alcohol are injurious to health.

9. Either Ashok or Rakesh has done this mischief.

10. Either you or he is mistaken.

11. Neither the judge nor the witnesses believe him.

12. Neither nor the soldiers have been arrested.

13. Either he or I am wrong.

14. He as well as you isinnocent.

15. Each day and each hour hasits own importance.

16. Either of these two proposals is acceptable to me.

17. The jury were divided in their own opinion.

18. The assembly is in session.

19. I am the one who has always stood for justice.

20. This is one of the most difficult lessons that has been taught.






The Punjab : A Glimpse




Dictionary Reference : Learning New Words


 Activity 1


Look up the following words in a dictionary. You should seek the following information about the words and put them in your WORDS notebook.


1. Meaning of the word as used in the lesson (adjective/ noun/ verb, etc.)

2. Pronunciation (The teacher may refer to the dictionary or a mobile phone for correct


3. Spellings




Let os read


The Punjab : A Glimpse

“Balle, Balle ! O, Balle Balle ! Mr Mathew had taken his students on a trip to Amritsar.

Children, you must have recognized this famous folk dance of Punjab,” said Mr Matthew, pointing

at the Bhangra dancers in front of the Punjab Pavilion.



“Yes, sir ! We saw this folk dance during the Republic Day celebrations this year,” replied the children. “This dance is full of energy. It shows the great zest for life of the Punjabis,” said

Mr Matthew. “Punjabis are very self-respecting and hard-working people. You will never find them begging in the streets. They are also very brave and never show their back in a battlefield”.


According to the history of Punjab, the Punjabis have faced all the foreign invasions boldly.During the struggle for India’s freedom, Punjab gave the country great heroes. They included patriots such as Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Udham Singh, Kartar Singh Sarabha and many others. We call Lala Lajpat Rai Sher-e-Punjab and Bhagat Singh Shaheed-e-Azam. All these brave sons of Punjab sacrificed their lives for their country. Lala Lajpat Rai died as a result of the brutal lathi charge while he was leading a procession against the British in 1928. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged for raising their voice against the British cruelties.

Bhagat Singh was just 26 years old then.


“Children, look at the portraits of all the freedom fighters in the pavilion.”

“Sir, what is this building that has marks all over its walls?” asked Chintu.


Mr Mathew told Chintu, “This is the famous Jallianwala Bagh of Amritsar and these are bullet marks. On 13 April 1919, a crowd of around 20,000 people had gathered for a public meeting here. They included men, women and children. The British General O’Dwyer came there with his armed soldiers. He blocked all the exit points. Then he ordered his men to start firing without giving any warning to the people gathered there. About 1000 people were killed

and more than 1500 were wounded.”


Mr Mathew, told his students about the partition of India in 1947. He said, “The people of Punjab suffered due to partition of the country on the eve of independence in 1947. There was a terrible bloodshed. Thousands of people had to leave their homes and live in refugee camps.However, the Punjabis worked hard and started life afresh, They played a great role in rebuilding the state. They made Punjab the granary of India with their hard work and agricultural skills.

They brought about a Green Revolution in the country. Soon, India became a developing country and it was mainly due to the hard work of the Punjabis.”


“Sir, wasn’t Punjab further divided when the state of Haryana was carved out of it 7”

asked Raju.


“You are right, Raju. In 1966, the state of Punjab was reorganized on the basis of Punjabi and Hindi languages. Some of the hilly areas of Punjab like Lahaul Spiti, the valleys of Kullu and Manali, Kangra, Dalhousie and Shimla were integrated with Himachal Pradesh. Chandigarh was made the joint capital of both Punjab and Haryana. It was declared a Union Tesritory”, said Mr Mathew.


The reorganized Punjab came into being on Ist November 1966. Now, it has Pakistan on the west, Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on the north-east and on the south it has Haryana and Rajasthan.


“Sir, here is the model of a dam. I think it is the famous Bhakra Dam,” said Raju.


“You are right, Raju,” said Mr Matthew. “This dam is 740 feet high. Its length is 518 metres and it is 9 metres broad. Its reservoir, known as Govind Sagar, stores up to 9 billion cubic metres of water. It is used for irrigating 10 million acres of fields in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. The electricity generated in the power houses at Bhakra and Nangal is supplied to the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujarat, Pandit Nehru called Bhakra Dam the temple of modern India.”


“Sir, I can hear the melodious strains of Gurbani. There must be a Gurudwara nearby,” said Vicky.


“Well, we are near the Golden Temple of Amritsar. It is the holiest shrine of the Sikhs,” said Mr Matthew.


“Sir, they say this temple is surrounded by water,” said Chintu.“Yes, it is built in the middle of a square tank. To reach the temple, there is a 60-metre long marble path. This path has marble railings on both the sides. The temple is double-storeyed. It has a golden dome on the top. The matble slabs used in the construction of the temple have on them fine artistic engravings. The inner walls are decorated with precious stones. They have on them priceless paintings and other

works of art. On the ground floor, under the dome-shaped roof, lies Sti Guru Granth Sahib. It is the holy book of the Sikhs,” explained Mr Mathew “Do you know it was Sri Guru Arjun Dev, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, who compiled this holy book ?” asked Mr Mathew.


Anandpur Sahib is another place of Sikh pilgrimage. It is a small town on the left bank of the Sutlej River. It was founded by Sri Guru Teg Bahadur. Lakhs of Sikhs gather here annually to celebrate the founding of the Khalsa by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699,


“Sir, look here. This is the model of a beautifully planned city. It has a number of gardens.Isn’t this Chandigarh ?” asked Raju.


Mr Mathew replied, “Yes, this is Chandigarh. This beautiful city is situated at the foot of the Shivalik Hills. It was designed by a famous French architect, Le Corbusier. Being very close to the hills, Chandigarh has a calm and pleasant atmosphere. The Rose Garden of Chandigarh is world famous. The city was formally declared open in October 1953 by Dr Rajendra Prasad, the former President of India. ”


“Sir, there are some shops here that sell sports goods. I would like to buy a cricket bat and a ball,” said Vicky.


“But before you buy, could you tell me which city in Punjab manufactures these goods 7” asked Mr Matthew.


“No, sir,” replied Vicky.


“Well, it is Jalandhar,” said Mr Matthew. “Tt is one of the most important centres for the manufacturing of sports goods in the country, The other shops there have woollen hosiery goods.

They are from Ludhiana. Ninety-five per cent of our hosiery industry is in Ludhiana. Would you like to buy some hosiery goods also ?”


“No, sir, I can’t decide which ones to buy. Such purchases are made by my parents,” said Chintu.


“Well, children, you would perhaps like to taste these Amritsari jalebis,” said Mr Matthew,moving towards a sweet shop. All the children followed him with smiles on their faces.